AURORA, Colo. — Elijah McClain went to the store to get his cousin some iced tea, donning a faceless ski mask to ward off a chill brought on by his anemia, his family said.
A driver who spotted him called 911 the night of Aug. 24, 2019, to report a “sketchy” person in the Aurora, Colorado, neighborhood where McClain lived.
“He might be a good person or a bad person,” the man told police, according to audio of the call. The caller said the man didn’t appear to be armed and he was not in danger from him.
Less than an hour later, McClain was dying. According to authorities and body camera footage, Aurora police officers put him in a carotid chokehold, rendering him unconscious at least briefly, and paramedics injected him with 500 milligrams of ketamine, a powerful tranquilizer, to calm him down.
The carotid hold, which has been banned by police departments across the country, applies pressure to a person’s neck and restricts blood flow to the brain.
McClain, 23, went into cardiac arrest in the ambulance minutes after the ketamine injection. Placed on life support, he died six days later.
No one was ever charged in his death, though the three officers involved, Nathan Woodyard, Jason Rosenblatt and Randy Roedema, each served seven days of administrative leave last August, Fox 31 in Denver reported. The Adams County pathologist who conducted McClain’s autopsy ruled his cause of death was “undetermined” but said that contributing factors included “intense physical exertion and a narrow left coronary artery.”
McClain also had a history of asthma.
On Thursday, Colorado Gov. Jared Polis announced that he has ordered a new investigation into McClain’s death. His executive order appoints Colorado Attorney General Phil Weiser to “investigate and, if the facts support prosecution, criminally prosecute any individuals whose actions caused the death of Elijah McClain.”
Fox 31 reported Friday that Woodyard, Rosenblatt and Roedema have since been placed on “non-enforcement” duties. According to the news station, they are not allowed face-to-face interaction with the public and will likely be limited to administrative duties like paperwork.
Polis ordered the Colorado Bureau of Investigation, as well as any other pertinent state agencies, to cooperate with and assist in the investigation. He also urged the General Assembly to consider supplemental budget appropriations to fund the investigation if necessary.
“Elijah McClain should be alive today, and we owe it to his family to take this step and elevate the pursuit of justice in his name to a statewide concern,” Polis said in a statement.
The governor said he is aware that the district attorney had declined last year to bring charges in McClain’s death. The letter from the DA, Polis said, “lays out a detailed review of the facts of this case and an in-depth discussion of the legal standard.”
“It does not, however, account for some significant facts that have been widely reported, particularly relating to body camera footage and recordings of the incident,” Polis said.
The new investigation comes amid protests across the country sparked by the May 25 killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police officers. Four former officers have been charged in connection with Floyd’s death.
Like Floyd, some of McClain’s last words were, “I can’t breathe.” The phrase has become a rallying cry for demonstrators demanding changes in policing.
The new probe also comes after more than three million people signed a Change.org petition demanding justice for McClain.
“It shouldn’t take a petition signed by millions to hold police accountable when they kill an innocent Black man,” Mari Newman, the lawyer representing McClain’s family, told TMZ on Thursday.
On Friday, Newman told The Associated Press she was planning her own investigation into McClain’s death.
“After over two decades of doing this work, my experience is that families cannot rely on the government to police itself,” Newman said. “And so my work is to continue to seek justice through the civil justice system, so we’re doing our own investigation and preparing a civil rights lawsuit.”
Newman declined to give details of her probe.
“We know that the police can’t police themselves and we know that district attorneys don’t charge the police officers because they rely on police in their other prosecutions,” she told the AP.
McClain’s mother, Sheneen McClain, believes police officers murdered her son and the city covered up the crime.
“They murdered him. They are bullies with badges,” she told CBS News.
Polis said as a father, his heart breaks for McClain’s family.
“All Coloradans should be safe walking home from the convenience store, or just being in their own neighborhoods listening to headphones,” Polis said. “Unfortunately, I know that is not how many people – especially young people of color – feel in our state today, because I’ve heard it from them directly. We need to do a better job and at a bare minimum, they deserve a thorough review of the case.”
‘I was just going home’
McClain, who worked as a massage therapist, was described by family and friends as a gentle soul who turned to vegetarianism to become healthier. A violinist, he would play his music at a local animal shelter because he believed the music could soothe the animals who were scared.
On the night of Aug. 24, he had gone to the store to buy his cousin’s drink and was walking home, listening to music on his headphones and dancing. His waving arms caught the attention of the man who called 911.
In the recording of the call, the man tells the dispatcher that no weapon was involved and that neither he nor anyone with him was in danger.
Listen to the 911 call below.
Within minutes, Aurora police Officer Nathan Woodyard found McClain walking near his home. In the body camera footage that exists, he can be seen carrying a bag from the convenience store.
“Hey, stop right there. Stop,” Woodyard tells him.
According to the footage and police reports, McClain says he had a right to go where he is going.
“I have a right to stop you because you’re being suspicious,” the officer tells him.
Officers Jason Rosenblatt and Randy Roedema arrive and help Woodyard detain McClain, who pleads with them to let go of him.
“I am an introvert. Please respect the boundaries that I am speaking,” he tells the officers.
The officers tell McClain to relax, at which point he tells them: “I’m going home. Leave me alone.”
“Relax, or I am going to have to change this situation,” one officer tells him.
One officer asks him to cooperate, at which point McClain indicates that he is cooperating.
“You were starting to arrest me, and I was stopping my music to listen. Now let go of me,” McClain tells the officers.
McClain repeats that he is going home and for the officers to leave him alone.
“No, we are going to talk to you,” Roedema says.
The officers force McClain into the grass and then against a nearby brick wall before taking him to the ground. As they move him into the grass, McClain can be heard telling them he will “take (his) power back.”
Watch all of the body camera footage from multiple Aurora police officers below. Warning: The images may be disturbing to some viewers.
At that point, Roedema tells another officer McClain made a grab for his weapon.
“He grabbed your gun, dude,” Roedema says.
The alleged gun grab is not seen on camera, though Roedema later told investigators that McClain reached for and touched the grip of Rosenblatt’s gun, which was holstered.
From that moment on, the cameras, which shake and rock as the officers struggle with McClain, show few of the details of what happened that night. All of the officers later told authorities their body cameras fell off during the struggle.
“Give us some more units. We’re fighting him,” an officer is heard saying into his radio.
It was at that point that Rosenblatt attempted to put McClain in the carotid chokehold. Police officials said the hold was unsuccessful due to Rosenblatt’s position.
Woodyard was able to put the chokehold on McClain, who briefly lost consciousness. According to authorities, they called in the Aurora Fire Department per department policy following a carotid hold.
When he regains consciousness, McClain can be heard in the video begging to be let up.
“I can’t breathe. Please stop,” a sobbing McClain says.
An officer tells him to stop fighting or he will be shocked with a Taser.
McClain’s next words are heartbreaking.
“I have my ID right here. My name is Elijah McClain. That’s my house. I was just going home,” McClain sobs. “I’m an introvert. I’m different. I’m just different, that’s all. That’s all I was doing. I’m so sorry.”
He continues to plead with the officers, who appear to ignore his words.
“I have no gun. I don’t do that stuff. I don’t do any fighting. Why are you attacking me? I don’t even kill flies! I don’t eat meat!”
He says he doesn’t judge people who do eat meat. “Forgive me,” he says.
As the officers continue to talk amongst themselves, McClain appears to be pleading for his life.
“Forgive me. All I was trying to do was become better,” he pleads breathlessly. “I’ll do it. I’ll do it. I’ll do anything. Sacrifice my identity. I’ll do it.”
McClain vomits multiple times from the pressure to his chest and neck. He repeatedly apologizes as he struggles to breathe.
“You all are phenomenal. You are beautiful,” he says. “And I love you. Try to forgive me. I am a mood Gemini.”
The officers continue to hold him down on the ground as he cries out in pain.
“I’m so sorry. Ow, that really hurts,” McClain says. “You all are very strong.
“Teamwork makes the dream work,” he says as he trails off into sobs.
He appears to either vomit or heave in his struggle to breathe as some of the officers can be heard searching for handcuffs and body cameras lost during the struggle. He also appears to move in a way that causes the officer on top of him to tell him, “Stop.”
“I’m sorry. I wasn’t trying to do that. I just can’t breathe correctly because …,” he says.
He appears to heave again, either with breathlessness or the need to vomit.
At this point, one officer’s body camera is back in place. It shows another officer leaning over McClain, who is being held down on his side, and asking him what drugs he is on.
“What kind of drugs did you take tonight?” the officer asks. “We need to know, OK? We need to know what you were taking because we need to try to get you treated, OK?”
McClain doesn’t appear to respond. He is no longer fighting the officers, though his heavy breathing is apparent.
“Gotta throw up, dude?” one officer asks.
“Yeah,” McClain says weakly.
“Throw up right there, OK. Don’t throw up on me, though,” an officer tells him.
The officer holding McClain down holds him higher so he can vomit on the grass.
“Get it out, dude,” an officer says.
‘Nothing really criminal’
As the officers await fire paramedics, the officer on top of McClain explains to a newcomer the call they received. He states that McClain tried to grab an officer’s gun while they were trying to talk to him.
McClain continues to vomit as he lays on the ground. The officer holding him tells him to stay on his side.
“Don’t get up, dude. It’s not going to be good for you, I’m telling you right now,” the officer says.
Another officer standing over McClain threatens him with a K-9 officer.
“If you keep messing around, I’m going to bring my dog (unintelligible) and let my dog bite you,” the officer says. “Keep messing around.”
McClain appears to move around again because the officers can be heard telling him to “chill out” and relax.
“You already lost this one,” one officer says. “Just relax.”
Read Gov. Jared Polis’ executive order demanding a new investigation into Elijah McClain’s death below.
At that point in the video, firefighters appear at the scene. McClain begins to move around again, at which point an officer tells him to stop moving.
“You’ve already been told several times to stop,” the officer demands.
“I can’t fix myself,” McClain responds, in obvious pain, as he rolls over from his left side to his right.
After he rolls over, an officer finds his earbuds in the grass where he had been laying. In the background, another officer can be heard giving someone else a phone update on what took place.
He states that they got a “suspicious person call” and that McClain had a mask on and was “acting kinda weird.”
“Nothing really criminal but officers go to make contact with him and he starts acting crazy,” the officer is heard saying.
As he gives the update, officers are again struggling with McClain.
“Stop, please,” McClain cries.
“Well stop fighting us,” an officer says.
“I’m trying,” McClain responds.
As they continue to hold McClain on the ground, ketamine comes up for the first time.
“So when the ambulance gets here, we’re going to go ahead and give him some ketamine,” a firefighter medic says. Aurora police officials identified the person who ordered the ketamine as fire medic Jeremy Cooper.
“Sounds good, dude,” an officer responds. “Perfect, dude. Perfect.”
It again appears in the footage that the officers assume McClain is on drugs.
“Whatever he’s on, he has incredible strength,” an officer is heard saying.
“Yeah. Crazy strength,” another officer agrees.
McClain’s autopsy report indicates he had marijuana and ketamine, but no other drugs, in his system when he was admitted to the hospital.
About five minutes after the ketamine is first mentioned, a medic gives McClain a dose of the drug. Eight minutes later, the officers are told by the medics that McClain, who by that time was in the back of an ambulance, no longer had a pulse.
“Are you serious?” an officer asks.
Police reports state that Cooper ordered 500 milligrams of ketamine because he estimated McClain weighing 100 kilograms, or 220 pounds.
McClain weighed 140 pounds, according to his autopsy report.
Documentation provided by the Aurora Fire Department gave the standard dosage of the drug as 5 milligrams per kilogram. At McClain’s weight, his dosage would have been 320 milligrams.
McClain’s autopsy report states that the ketamine in McClain’s system was “at a therapeutic level, but an idiosyncratic drug reaction (unexpected reaction to a drug even at a therapeutic level) cannot be excluded.”
The report states that McClain suffered a second cardiac arrest early the morning of Aug. 25. Two days later, he was declared brain dead, which was confirmed upon autopsy.
His autopsy found bleeding in the deep strap muscles over his larynx, along with bleeding in the area where hospital staff had placed a catheter. He also had abrasions on his face and head, as well as on his back, chest and shoulder.
The pathologist who conducted the autopsy, Dr. Stephen Cina, pointed out that a carotid control hold was applied during McClain’s encounter with police but wrote that he couldn’t determine if the hold contributed to his death. Cina also wrote that the hemorrhage in McClain’s neck was likely related to the catheter placed by medical personnel rather than trauma.
Read Elijah McClain’s autopsy report below, courtesy of Westword in Denver.
“The decedent was violently struggling with officers who were attempting to restrain him,” Cina wrote. “Most likely, the decedent’s physical exertion contributed to death. It is unclear if the officers’ actions contributed as well.”
Cina also mentioned “excited delirium” as a possibility, though McClain had no history of using stimulants and none were found in his system. He wrote that McClain’s death could be accidental if it was an unexpected reaction to the ketamine.
The pathologist wrote that his death could be natural if he had an undiagnosed mental illness that led to excited delirium, or if his “intense physical exertion” combined with his narrow coronary artery led to arrhythmia. It could also be attributed to his asthma or to possible aspiration of vomit while he was being restrained.
Read all of the Aurora Police Department and prosecutors’ findings related to Elijah McClaim’s death below.
It could also be homicide if the officers’ actions led to his death, Cina wrote.
“Based on my review of the EMS reports, hospital records, body cam footage from the restraining officers and the autopsy findings, I cannot determine which manner of death is most likely,” Cina wrote.
Mari Newman, the attorney representing McClain’s family, said in November, after the autopsy report was released, that she had no doubt McClain would be alive if not for Aurora officers.
“Despite the inconclusive finding by forensic pathology consultant Dr. Stephen Cina, the other material in the document leaves absolutely no doubt that if the Aurora police had not confronted Elijah the way they did, he would still be alive,” Newman said in a statement.